The present study surveys the effect of bank-specific, industry-specific and Macroeconomic conditions on bank performance to examine the Structure-Conduct-Performance (SCP) hypothesis in Iranian banking industry. To achieve this goal, we drew upon the panel data technique to analyze the data of eleven public and private Iranian banks during 2001-2006. Firstly, productivity was calculated by using Tornqvist-Theil index (TTI) and then a single equation was employed to examine the effect of different factors such as internal, industrial, environmental and structural characteristics on banking performance. The results achieved in this research didn’t confirm the above-mentioned SCP hypothesis.
JEL classification: C23, G21, L22, L25