Learning, mental models and economic performance by institutional and cognitive science approach

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Professor, University of Tehran, Iran

2 MA., Economics, University of Tehran, Iran


Undoubtedly, attempt to cross the status quo and reaching desired situations is one of the most important causes of raising these kinds of topics. On the other hand, the key to achieve desired changes lies on the type of individual's learning. Hence in this paper, by using the method of documentary study, after reviewing cognitive science and cognitive economics issues; we intend to review the opinions of Douglas C. North who is one of the well-known institutional scholars in the field of "institutional change". Then, criticize and review his viewpoints by using Howard Gardner's ideas who is one of the famous cognitive scientists and the inventor of the Multiply Intelligences theory. The result of this study showed, although on many aspects like importance of learning process or its impacts on changes and also believes system Gardner's opinions confirm or complete North's attitudes. But in some viewpoints like ability of learning through the life and assuming the same chances for learning in various situations, he criticizes North attitudes, which are thinkable.


  • Receive Date: 05 February 2012
  • Revise Date: 12 October 2014
  • Accept Date: 03 June 2014
  • First Publish Date: 22 June 2014