Investigating Factors Affecting Gender Pay Discrimination in Iran

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Student, Department of Economics, Ahvaz branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahwaz, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran


This paper analyses factors influencing gender wage gap in Iran. The theory is based on the Numark model based on Oaxaca and Blinder (1973) framework for gender wage gap which is applied on Micro data from 2014 labour force survey of Iran. The results show that higher level of education among employed women in Iran has reduced the gender wage gap. However, a significant amount of gender wage discrimination exist for the same work and same level of education. The gap is greater in private sector compared to public sector. The private sector counts for a larger share of employement. At the same time, private sector offers a lower wage for the same work compare to the public sector and also creates a larger gender wage gap.
JEL Classification:J31, J16, J21


Main Subjects

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  • Receive Date: 24 July 2018
  • Revise Date: 16 November 2018
  • Accept Date: 06 November 2018
  • First Publish Date: 22 June 2019