The Effect Infrastructure on Human Development in Iran

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant Professor of Economics, University of Kurdistan, Iran

2 M.A. in Economics, University of Kurdistan, Iran


In this study, the impact of infrastructure on human development has been investigated in Iran in the 1990-2016 time interval, Autoregressive distributed lag is used as methodology. The results indicate, that social infrastructure, energy and banking in both short­-run and long-run have positive and significant effects on human development. The infrastructure of water and transportation have a significant positive effect in the short run, but, within one interruptions, they reduce human development index and the impact water infrastructure reduction on human development is not significant. Despite the positive and significant impact of the of water on human development, the downward and significant trend of the effect of transportation on human development in the long run  has been recognized. In the long run, the significant negative impact of communication infrastructure on human development is slightly more than that in the short-term. Therefore, the quality improvement along with the quantification of positive in infrastructure and revision of infrastructure policies with negative impacts are recommended. 
Classification JEL: O15, O18, I30


Main Subjects

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Volume 54, Issue 4 - Serial Number 129
January 2020
Pages 1017-1042
  • Receive Date: 17 June 2019
  • Revise Date: 02 October 2019
  • Accept Date: 09 October 2019
  • First Publish Date: 22 December 2019