Investigating the Factors Affecting Export Development in the Persian Gulf Holding Petrochemical Industries with a Logistics Based Approach

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Ph.D Student of University, Strategic Management, Tehran University

2 Associate Professor, Department of Public Administration, Faculty of Management, Univercity of Tehran

3 Associate Professor of Economics, Department of Economics, Kharazmi University, Tehran,


Advances in transportation, technological advances, and rapid improvements in information and communication technology have led to a more rapid globalization of the global economy. This increase in trade has led to a rapid exchange of information and services between countries that have a good understanding of the logistics sector and have laid the foundations for the development of logistics. In addition, the reduction of barriers to global trade and globalization resulting from a new perspective on global trade by the World Bank and other international organizations has increased the value of multilateral trade and increased the share of multinational corporations in the global economy, and has provided logistical support for the development of international activities. The purpose of this study is to investigate the factors affecting the development of exports in the petrochemical industry of the Persian Gulf with an approach based on the logistics system. The statistical population consists of senior professionals, supervisors, managers and board members of petrochemical companies of Persian Gulf Holding operating in commercial units. 278 individuals were randomly selected as the sample. The instrument used to collect data is a questionnaire. The research hypotheses were tested using Smart.PLS software. The results show that export market, international marketing, export potentials, export challenges, market competition, organizational factors, macro factors, export sales, export logistics, export product characteristics have an impact on improving logistics performance and export development in the Persian Gulf petrochemical industry.
JEL Classification: F18، L91، M31


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Volume 56, Issue 2 - Serial Number 135
December 2021
Pages 325-345
  • Receive Date: 10 August 2021
  • Revise Date: 16 November 2021
  • Accept Date: 22 November 2021
  • First Publish Date: 22 November 2021