Received: 2006/6/21 Accepted: 2006/7/25
ICT has broad effects on economy in micro and macro levels. Effects on kind, nature of jobs and labor market are the most important. Omission, creation, change of jobs and teleworking are the four ways through which ICT influences kinds of jobs. Also, ICT influences the structure of jobs, and changes the nature of jobs in society via reduction of average work hardship, making jobs more mental, but instable and more specialized.
This paper studies the effect of ICT on amount of employment using a microeconomic pattern in a frame work of assessing effective factors on employment appaling a logarithmic model. This model has been estimated with panel data approach for 47 countries (including 22 OECD members and 25 developing countries) over the years of 2000- 2003.
The results indicate positive and significant effect of ICT on employment. Also the elasticity of employment in proportion to the costs of information and communication is 0.11, which indicates 1% increase in the costs of ICT, increases employment by 0.11 %.
JEL Classification: C23, D83, E24