عنوان مقاله [English]
Looking at the economic ideas and schools of thought is very useful in offering a more comprehensive and relevant understanding of economic science, because the survey of the evolution of economic ideas signify the philosophical context, social and political background and conditions as well as the historical reasons for the change in economic thought. This article describes analytically the slow evolution of economic ideas with emphasis on economic ideologies from the ancient Greek and Roman times to the Industrial Revolution.
The main characteristic of this article is its method which, as a historical one, is used for combining the events in economic history and the ideas in history of economic thought with the economic ideologies. At the same time, we would look at the nature of the methodological approach in its historical development in the mentioned period and, on the basis of the philosophical perspective of every school of economic thought and its relation with the econom ic ideology of that school, consider the slow methodological change in the mode of thought of different economic thinkers in this period and, as a result, get familiar with the methodology of their economic ideas.