چارچوب یکپارچۀ توسعۀ درون‌زای منطقه‌ای در ایران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه برنامه‌ریزی شهری و منطقه‌ای، دانشکدۀ معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه شهیدبهشتی

2 دانشجوی دکتری برنامه‌ریزی شهری و منطقه‌ای، دانشکدۀ معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه شهیدبهشتی

چکیده

بسیاری از پژوهشگران به موضوع شناسایی و چگونگی اثرگذاری نیروهای محرک و بسترساز توسعۀ درون­زا توجه کرده­اند؛ موضوعی که تاکنون بحث­برانگیز بوده است. کاستی رهیافت­های رایج در پاسخگویی به چگونگی دستیابی منطقه به توسعۀ درون­زا، ناشی از پرداختن به موضوع از دریچۀ ِانتظامی خاص، یکسان فرض کردن میزان اثرگذاری نیروهای محرک شناسایی‌شده بر توسعۀ درون­زا در سطح منطقه و بی­توجهی به نقش متغیرهای مداخله­گر در تدوین روابط سببی از یک ­سو و ناممکن بودن تعمیم مدل­های مرسوم به کلیۀ بسترها از سوی دیگر، بوده است. این مطالعه با هدف پاسخ به کاستی­های یادشده و شناسایی نیروهای محرک و بسترسازِ خاص مناطق ایران در پیِ تدوین مدل نظری«توسعۀ درون­زای منطقه­ای ایران»، است. با تعیین این دستور کار برای پژوهش، پس از ارائۀ تعاریف مختلف در زمینۀ توسعۀ­ درون­زای منطقه­ای به‌عنوان متغیر وابستۀ پنهان و شناسایی نیروهای محرک بسترساز به‌عنوان متغیرهای مستقلِ پنهان به روش مطالعۀ اسنادی، نمایه­ها یا متغیرهای آشکار انتخاب شده و از طریق اندازه­گیری روابط سببی با روش تحلیل مسیر، ضریب اهمیت اثرگذاری نیروها در بستر ایران تعیین خواهد شد. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که براساس مقادیر شاخص­های برازندگی به‌دست‌آمده، ساختار کلی مدل پژوهشی مناسب است و پنج عامل نهادی، رهبری، کارآفرینی و نوآوری، موهبت منابع و تناسب بازار در حدود 63 درصد از واریانس توسعۀ درون­زای منطقه­ای را بیان می­کنند.
طبقه­بندی JEL:E02,J68,O18

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Integrated Regional Endogenous Development Framework in Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Hossein Sharifzadegan 1
  • Behzad MalekpourAsl 2
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Urban and Regional planning, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning,Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
2 PhD Candidate in Urban and Regional Planning, Department of Urban and Regional planning, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Researches in exploring of driving forces of regional endogenous development, concentrate on subjects which have been so controversial. Regional endogenous development (RED), together with other core regional development concepts, is usually focused on the sub-national regional development process of the home country. This paper attempts to conceptualize and examine regional endogenous development model for Iran’s regions. The work presented here contributes to the design of a regional endogenous model which is tested in Iran by assessing the domestic forces and drivers of development based in 30 Iranian regions. The paper introduces a conceptual model for the study and then develops and tests the model with data for the primary regions of Iran. Large and positive correlation is found between measures of latent and explanatory independent and dependent variables in the regional endogenous model. Specifically it is found that such endogenous factors as institution, human capital, entrepreneurship, leadership, innovation and resource endowment are critical driving force for achieving increased regional productivity and thus tailoring of polices to support regional endogenous development and growth.
JEL: E02, J68, O18
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Regional endogenous development
  • Regional Development
  • Leadership
  • Human capital
  • Institutions
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