توسعه مالی و توسعه تکنولوژی انرژی‌های تجدیدپذیر در بخش‌های مختلف: کاربردی از الگوی پانل توبیت

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه اقتصاد، دانشکده اقتصاد و علوم اداری، دانشگاه مازندران، ایران،

2 عضو هیات علمی دانشگاه مازندران

3 دانش آموخته دانشگاه مازندران

چکیده

اهمیت انرژی‌های تجدیدپذیر در توسعه پایدار، کاهش گاز­های گلخانه­ای و افزایش امنیت انرژی از یک سوی و نیازمندی پرو­ژه­های انرژی‌های تجدیدپذیر به منابع مالی و سرمایه‌گذاری‏های کلان از سوی دیگر، نقش و اهمیت توسعه مالی در توسعه انرژی‌های تجدیدپذیر را دو چندان می‌کند. با توجه به اهمیت این موضوع، مطالعه حاضر تأثیر توسعه بازار سهام، بازار اعتبارات و کل بازار‏های مالی را بر توسعه تکنولوژی انرژی‌های تجدیدپذیر (به‌تفکیک در بخش‌های انرژی زیست توده، برق آبی، بادی و خورشیدی) طی دوره زمانی 2015-2002 و با به کارگیری الگوی پانل توبیت در دو گروه کشورهای منتخب توسعه یافته و در حال توسعه مورد بررسی قرار می‌دهد.
با توجه به نتایج به دست آمده، توسعه مالی تأثیر مثبت و معنادار بر توسعه تکنولوژی هر یک از انرژی‌های تجدیدپذیر داشته و در نتیجه کاهش آلودگی محیط زیست را به ویژه در کشورهای توسعه یافته به دنبال دارد. همچنین نتایج بیانگر این است که توسعه بازار سهام، توسعه بازار اعتبارات و توسعه کل بازارهای مالی به ترتیب بیشترین تأثیر را بر توسعه ظرفیت نصب تکنولوژی انرژی‌های خورشیدی، زیست توده، انرژی باد و برق آبی در کشورهای توسعه یافته دارد، در حالی که توسعه بازارهای مالی در کشورهای در حال توسعه بیشترین تأثیر را بر توسعه تکنولوژی نصب انرژی بادی، زیست توده و انرژی خورشیدی خواهد داشت.
طبقه بندی  JEL: G2، Q43، C23

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Financial Development and Renewable Energy Technology Development in Different Sectors: Application of Panel Tobit Model

نویسندگان [English]

  • Majid Aghaei 1
  • mahdieh rezagholizadeh 2
  • yonnes abdi 3
1 Assistant Professor in Economics, University of Mazandaran, Iran
2 -Assistant Professor in Economics, University of Mazandaran, Iran,
3 -MA Student of Energy Economics, University of Mazandaran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The importance of renewable energies in sustainable development, greenhouse gas reduction and increase energy supply security on the one hand, and required high level of financing for Renewable energy projects, on the other hand, have enhanced the role and importance of financial development in renewable energy deployment. Due to the importance of this issue, this study tried to evaluate the impact of financial development in the stock market, credit market and whole financial markets on renewable energy technologies (in the four energy sectors including; biomass, hydropower, wind and solar) over the period 2002 till 2015, based on Tobit regression in developed and developing countries. Based on the Results, financial development has a significant effect on renewable technology development regardless of which kind of renewable energy was used. It also led to a reduction in environmental pollution and climate changes, especially in developed countries. The results also indicated that stock market development, credit market development and whole financial market development has the most impact on the renewable technology installation capacity development of solar, biomass, wind and hydropower energies in developed countries, respectively. While financial market development has the most impact on technology installation capacity development of wind, biomass and solar energies in developing countries.
JEL Classification: G2, Q43, C23
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Financial Development
  • Renewable Energies
  • Tobit Panel Model
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