اثرات طول دوره بیکاری، بیمه بیکاری و مهارت آموزی بر دستمزد

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه اقتصاد، دانشکده اقتصاد و مدیریت، واحد شیراز، دانشگاه آزاداسلامی، شیراز، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه اقتصاد، دانشکده اقتصاد و مدیریت، دانشگاه صنعتی شریف، تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار گروه اقتصاد، دانشکده اقتصاد و مدیریت، واحد شیراز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، شیراز، ایران

4 استادیار گروه اقتصاد، دانشکده اقتصاد و مدیریت، واحد شیراز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، شیراز، ایران

چکیده

بر پایه مطالعات تجربی  و تئوری‌های اقتصاد بازار کار، طول دوره بیکاری، مهارت‌آموزی و دریافت بیمه بیکاری از ویژگی‌های توضیح­دهنده دستمزد نیروی کار است. با افزایش طول دوره بیکاری فرد، احتمال انتخاب شغل با دستمزد کمتر، بیشتر می­شود. از سوی دیگر، با افزایش سرمایه انسانی و بهبود مهارت‌های فردی به‌دلیل شرکت در دوره‌های آموزشی، امکان دستیابی فرد جویای کار آموزش دیده به شغل با دستمزد مناسب فراهم می‏شود، اما بیمه بیکاری اثر دوگانه دارد، از یک‌سو دوره دریافت بیمه بیکاری برای فرد جویای کار فرصتی برای جستجوی طولانی­تر برای یافتن شغلی با دستمزد مناسب است و از سوی دیگر ممکن است با دریافت بیمه بیکاری، فرد از تلاش خود برای یک شغل بهتر بکاهد. این مطالعه به بررسی اثرات این متغیرها بر دستمزد افراد جویای کار به‏کار گمارده شده در طی سال‏های 1393-1394 با استفاده از روش رگرسیون خطی ‏می‌پردازد. نتایج نشان می‌دهد که بین مهارت‌آموزی و دستمزد رابطه مثبت معنی­دار وجود دارد. ارتباط ‏طول دوره بیکاری بر دستمزد همسو با نظریه پیشین و منفی است و دریافت بیمه بیکاری بر دستمزد اثر معنی‌داری ندارد. همسو با یافته رایج در ادبیات مرتبط، نتایج حاصل از تخمین ضرایب مدل‌ها با به‌کارگیری متغیرهای ابزاری نسبت به روش حداقل مربعات معمولی، بزرگ‏تر و اثرات آن بر دستمزد معنی‌دار است.
طبقه‌بندی JEL: J64، J65، J68، J31

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effects of Unemployment Duration, Unemployment Insurance, and Occupational ‎‎Training on Wage

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahra Dashtebozorgi 1
  • gholamreza keshavarz 2
  • Khosro Piraee 3
  • hashem zare 4
1 PhD Candidate, Faculty of Economics, Department of Management and Economics, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran (Phd dissertation)
2 PhD Candidate, Faculty of Economics, Department of Management and Economics, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran (Phd dissertation)
3 Faculty of Economics, Department of Management and Economics, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran
4 Assistant Professor and Faculty Member of economic group of Islamic Azad University, shiraz,iran
چکیده [English]

Based on empirical studies and labor economics theories, the unemployment duration, acquiring occupational skills, and receiving unemployment insurance are among explanatory features of labor wages. With an increase in unemployment duration, selecting a job with low wage is more likely to be probable. On the other hand, by increasing human capital and improving occupational skills by participating in training courses, it is possible for the trained jobseeker to find a job with proper wage. But unemployment insurance has a double impact. On the one hand, unemployment insurance provides an opportunity for unemployed to search longer for a job with appropriate wage. On the other hand, the jobseeker receiving unemployment insurance becomes more selective and presumably decreases the job search intensity. This study examined the causal effects of these variables on the wages of jobseekers at work in the years of 1393-94 using the linear regression method. The results showed that there is a positive relationship between wages and learning occupational skills. The relation between unemployment duration and wages is negative and consistent with  theory,  receiving unemployment insurance does not have a significant effect on wages. The results of the model estimation using instrumental variables in two - stage least squares method showed  that the coefficients resulted from this method are greater than those of ordinary least squares method and their effects on wages are significant.
JEL Classification: J31, J64, J65, J68

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Wage
  • Unemployment insurance
  • Unemployment duration
  • Training
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